I&D de fitomedicamentos para su aplicación en Ayurveda

January 9, 2013

Huerta Orgánica Comunitaria

Plantearse como objetivo la investigación y desarrollo (I&D) de fitomedicamentos para su aplicación en Ayurveda, implica necesariamente tener como punto de referencia los principios filosóficos del Ayurveda, que no son otros que los mencionados en los Vedas, textos de sabiduría originaria de la India que consideran a la vida como una etapa transitoria, en la cual el ser humano, en particular, tiene un deber que cumplir, dentro de un tiempo definido, en un marco de referencia dado por la cosmovisión originaria y en las circunstancias propias de su caso personal.

El Universo Interno y el Universo Externo

La primera condición que establece esta definición es la necesidad de comprender la realidad, bajo la perspectiva de la cosmovisión originaria, que considera que todos los universos son controlados por un Agente Divino, llamado Chaw Guenechen por los mapuche, Ajaw por los maya, Wiracocha por los aymara, Sri Krishna por los indios, etc., quien delega su potestad en asesores en cada universo (Devas), existiendo una suerte de jerarquía cósmica que administra los asuntos de su jurisdicción. Por citar un ejemplo, Jaganath es el señor del universo material, quien a su vez tiene administradores que controlan los fenómenos que acontecen en sus cuerpos celestes, galaxias, estrellas, soles, planetas, etc., erigiéndose como la “deidad regente” de acuerdo a la terminología empleada en la cosmovisión Védica.

De acuerdo a esta cosmovisión, todo lo que existe en el universo forma parte de sus “órganos”, tal como las hojas, tallos y flores de una planta; los continentes, océanos y montañas, del planeta tierra (regida por la Madre Tierra) y los satélites y planetas del sistema solar, éste último regido por el Señor del Sol (Inti). Vemos así que cada órgano, tiene su regente o “dueño” al que debemos pedir permiso en el paso o en el uso, según la cosmovisión mapuche.

De la misma manera, existe un Señor administrador de cada especie, siendo Manu, el de los humanos, cada cual administra su cuerpo de acuerdo a la compresión que tiene de éste, como vehículo para lograr su autorrealización en el cumplimento del deber. De esta forma, debemos considerarnos con una misión, dentro de un cuerpo social, gobernado por Manu, y así ayudar a cumplir el rol o misión del Mundo en este sistema solar.

Como es arriba es abajo, de esta forma sabemos que nuestros glóbulos rojos trabajan capturando el oxígeno del aire para que los distintos órganos de nuestro cuerpo colaboren con nosotros en nuestro deber, o Dharma. ¿Qué pasaría si de pronto las plaquetas deciden que ellas van disfrutar del ambiente sanguíneo y bailar con los invitados y no invitados externos? Naturalmente nos enfermaremos. Esto es parecido a lo que pasa cuando el ser humano cree que la vida es para el disfrute temporal. Entonces comienza la polución, la degradación del ambiente y las enfermedades provocadas por no aplicar las enseñanzas Védicas.

De esta forma, Ayurveda es una sabiduría que, entendida oportunamente, favorece la salud perfecta y evita la aparición de enfermedades y, cuando ésta se genera, se debe entenderla debido al desequilibrio de las funciones de cada universo. El universo externo y el universo interno, entre los cuales debe haber una comunicación ayudada por ejercicios y prácticas que podamos realizar como: meditación, ayunos, mantras, asanas, etc. conocidas todas como terapias ayurvédicas.

Así, cuando el practicante ayurveda define la aplicación de una planta medicinal como tratamiento, debemos tener en cuenta que no solamente se considera la acción bioquímica del principal compuesto activo, propio de la planta, sino que debemos considerar la acción de todas los componente químicos de la planta que van a intervenir en cantidades de trazas en la modificación del entorno del órgano afectado, abarcando incluso a todo el cuerpo. De la misma manera, debemos entender los ritos y prácticas terapéuticas que incitan la comunicación, de los regentes de nuestro universo interno con el de la fitomedicina aplicada, de modo que haya una aceptación y coordinación de las distintas funciones hasta reestablecer la salud, a los niveles aceptables para equilibrio del universo interno con el externo.

Con esto, podemos comprender que haya plantas con distinta capacidad de curación y especialización y entonces entendemos la razón de las Asanas, Mantras, Yantras, etc. Entonces también podemos reconocer lo limitado que pueden ser los resultados de aplicar yerbas medicinales como tratamiento terapéutico, considerando sólo la presencia de determinados principios activos. Principios activos que, demostrada su presencia y efectividad por cuidadosos estudios farmacológicos, no dan cuenta de las curaciones logradas con la combinación de terapias del Ayurveda.

Luego, la efectividad de un Samana (tratamientos con plantas y sus derivados, como raíces rizomas, tallos, hojas, semillas, extractos, aceites, flores y frutos), en un tratamiento Ayurveda, sólo se puede asegurar si existe la debida intención y comunicación entre los universos interno y externo, con la correspondiente acción de la fitomedicamentos.

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Misión para un Programa de I&D de Fitomedicamentos

La siguiente condición es identificar aquellas plantas que puedan someterse y aprobar un test Ayurvédico para luego ser cultivadas orgánicamente en el país, en condiciones óptimas para lograr las máximas eficiencias curativas, en combinación con terapias ayurvédicas definidas.

Esta condición pudiera implicar el desarrollo de invernaderos, en terrenos certificados para agricultura orgánica. Tomado como ejemplo la experiencia india, requeriremos organizar a agricultores campesinos, que puedan suministrar las plantas según sean los requerimientos de Estaciones Ayurvédicas, como también la búsqueda de especies nativas que pudieran mostrar efectos terapéuticos ayurvédicos, con un programa de investigación en etnobotánica y etnomedicina. Ver Instituto Nacional de Ayurveda, India.

Con este marco de referencia, ya podemos aventurar una misión para un Programa de I&D de Fitomedicinas Ayurvédicas:

Mantener un catastro actualizado de raíces, rizomas, tallos, hojas, semillas, flores, frutos, extractos y aceites de plantas y sus combinaciones que, cultivadas en condiciones locales, permitan tener una provisión de acuerdo a la demanda de un Programa de Formación Ayurveda en el país, con el respaldo de médicos de la India.

Lo anterior significa desarrollar previamente un sistema de cultivo orgánico de múltiples especies, tal vez experimental, ajustado a una demanda que puede ser creciente. Tal es el foco del Programa de Huertas Orgánicas con Celebraciones Estacionales, que la ONG Corporación Indoamérica está poniendo en marcha a partir de 2013, comenzando por dos comunas de la Región Metropolitana.

Lila Avatar das

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MASSAGE IN AYURVEDA: THE PRACTICE AND SUPPORTS

November 1, 2010

Dr. Anurag Dikshit, M.D. (Ayu); Keraleeya Panchakarma, Yoga & Marma Chikitsa Specialist, Ayurvedicremedies, Lucknow, India.
Injeet Singh, Indian body massagist, Santiago, Chile.
Dr. Miguel Córdova. PhD (U. de Chile), Santiago, Chile.
Programa Ayurveda-Today. Version: 30.Oct.2010

INTRODUCTION

Ayurveda Medicine is a science whose main strength lies in identifying health imbalaces of people, before they manifest as disease symptoms as defined by the Western concept. This means that the emergence of a disease can be detected as an imbalance in a Western healthy individual, then it is possible to “cure” him by Ayurvedic methods, avoiding the consumption of allopathic drugs would be needed because overflow on the alternative channels causing onset of symptoms. Hence, Ayurveda is a medicine which, seen from a Western perspective, is preventive and his methods and therapies could be considered part of a Health Promotion Programme.

In this perspective, Ayurveda-Today Programme has been laying the groundwork for approaching the definition of a Program of Ayurveda Health Promotion, through studies published in Ayurveda Tutor, starting with the definition of values pillars on which rests Ayurveda, which are Humility, Integrity and Non-violence. With these values highlights the importance of addressing the science of health as an integral practice, starting by Panchakarma, whose main objective is the detoxification of the physical or gross body, and which massage plays a major role.

The future of humanity and Mother Earth, depends heavily on a paradigm shift on the goal of life and the role of women, to facilitate the seizure of power in all areas necessary to confront the radical solutions are needed today, leading the changes to ensure the permanence of species. Ayurveda states a pathway to consider her as a subject of attention, in order to strengthen her role and contribute to social and spiritual change needs for humanity. See The Role of Women, according to Ayurveda.

On this analysis, we must now define how to propose the addition of Ayurveda in Chilean society, from which it follows priority attention to women, starting with the development of Ayurveda massage or Abhyanga services.

Refers to the authors: contact@ayurveda-today.com
Download full document: Abhyanga_en.pdf
Bajar documento completo: Abhyanga_es.pdf

Women’s role, according to Ayurveda

September 14, 2010

Below we present the opinion of two authorities on the future of humanity and Mother Earth, which demonstrates the Role of Women in the seizure of power in all areas necessary to confront the radical solutions required today, leading the changes to ensure the permanence of species and where the male must cooperate in a supporting role that should never have left. Dr. Miguel Córdova. Ayurveda-Today Programme.

Part one. To Save Life: Put Women in Power
Leonardo Boff, Theologian. Earthcharter Commission

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There is a happy novelty in the current presidential dispute of Brazil: the presence of two women, Marina Silva and Dilma Rousseff. They are different. Each has her own style, but both have unquestionably solid ethics and an understanding of politics as a tool to serve the common good, and not as a means of conquest and use of power, generally, in the service of one’s own vanity or of the elite interests that still dominate the democracy we have inherited.
These two women appeared at a special moment of the history of the country, of humanity and of planet Earth. If we think radically and conclude –as notable cosmologists and biologist have– that the principal subject of our actions is not us, in a superficial anthropocentrism, but the Earth herself, understood as a living super organism, filled with purpose, Gaia, Pachamama and Great Mother, then we could say that it is the Earth who is speaking to us through these two women, calling for our attention, and warning us. These women are the very Earth that cries out; the Earth that feels and is seeking…

Download full article: women’s role

Towards a Comprehensive Practice of Ayurveda

July 13, 2010

Abstract

Panchakarma is presented as the main body cleansing program prior to any treatment of Ayurveda medicine, whose purpose may be: to promote health through the practice of dinacharya (daily) or Ritucharya (seasonal) regimes; preparing the body for rejuvenation therapy (Rasayana) and fertility (Vajikarana) treatment of disease by eliminating ama (waste) or Doshas (humors) or to prevent disease. Panchakarma therapies are divided into three groups: Purva Karma, Pradhana Karma and Paschata Karma. Purvakarma is descibed as Snehana and Swedana. Pradhanakarma include the therapies: Vamana, Virechana, Nasya and Basti. Other procedures include: Abhyanga, Vashpaswedanam, Shirodhara, Mukhlepa, Marma Massage, Patrapotali Pinda Sweda, Kati Vasti, Nasyam, Shirobasti, Pizhishil, Navarakhizhi, Udhavartana, Netra Tarpana. A comprehensive practice of Ayurveda requires the domain of Ashtanga Ayurveda (The 8 parts of this spiritual science), to indicate the necessary therapies for each case (individual), by qualified professionals from accredited institutions, in order to practice Ayurveda inducing to Learn about the “spirit of renouncement” to realize one never truly owns anything, having a human experience. Actions of the Ayurveda-Today Program (ATDP) approaching to Chilean universities, aimed at exploring the formation of academic staff able to generate research to strengthen Ayurveda and teaching undergraduate, starting from its postgraduates from areas of Medicine, Nutrition, Kinesiology and Agronomy, among others. Ayurveda-Today Study Groups (ATDSG) model allows this strategy, whose performance is guided by Ayurveda teachers or Ayurveda-Tutors from India, which may guide the development of particular ATDSG at each university that associates with ATDP. Some policy criteria of Chilean universities with accredited schools of medicine in Chile are mentioned and two possible areas for University-ATDP cooperation are presented, which are: Postgraduate program design and Extension activities program.

Download full document:  comprehpractice

Ayurveda-Today Programme

Ignorance of the Knowledge Society

June 28, 2010

During the recent visit of Dr. Fabian Ciarlotti (Argentina), invited by the Swasthaveda group that works at Calvo Mackenna Hospital in Santiago de Chile, to give the talk of Ayurveda and the Mind, on June 11 & 12, 2010 I think they are giving the conditions to start a conversation about Ayurveda and its potential to help heal the People in our Society.

I say People, her soul saddened by the imbalances of the mind control, all of which cause symptoms that manifest as illness and disease in the physical or gross body. I say Society, because all sick people produce a sick society, which also deserves a cure.

In the AyurvedaHoy Network, indian, american, spains and latinamerican Ayurveda doctors brings together to which we add the bulky presence of relevant chilean health professionals (doctors, psychologists, nutritionists, nurses, midwives, physiotherapists, biochemical) and related areas (agronomists, social workers, sociologists … architects …) interested in Ayurvedic knowledge.

This leads to a first question for this discussion: Who are we? or rather, What are we really?

It isn´t simple to answer, because it involves understanding the structure of Being, and how to characterizes our being in particular defined at birth under the astrological influences, according to the physical characteristics of our parents and their love affair at the time of … design, all of which define a particular doshic feature.

Then we see that as a sin-equa-non condition, is the need to understand our physical but also our mental “normal” constitution, which it define a standard for our bio-spiritual being, in evolution.

But that is not enough because in the game of the mind and its constant activity, provokes thoughts and desires that may lead to uncontrolled doshic imbalance that alters the perception of our Self. Then it is recommended that our analysis are endorsed by those who know us intimately, such as spouse, friend or doctor. Why? To see what extent we are “unbalanced” … maybe not yet “sick”, which allows us to act on prevention, promoting the health of our being.

But, why some people may have a better sense of his being, balancing, health and others not? I think this is the Key to Ayurveda, may sound as “to understand our mission in this life”, as constituent parts of the universe, or organs of the Whole or God to which we must “service”. Sure, we have free will within a certain range, which allows right or wrong in the acceptance of certain “truths.”

Then the first thing that awakens in us, once understood our bio-spiritual type, it is to know our mission and how we can evolve. Here again we have free will to choose the spiritual path, for example.

In any case, for finding the answer to our mission we must considering our family, our growth environment, our relationships, our education, but essentially our value knowledge and training … enriched with age to answer to how I can best serve.
Dhanvantari

Insofar as soon as we identify our mission and role in life, the sooner we find the happiness of the soul and the perfect health of body, on the margins of our rightful inheritance karmic agreement with integration to the Supreme Being. Again implementing free will.

Certainly, Ayurveda is a spiritual science and we must not hide it, those who adequately practice and/or study recognize the existence of spirits and souls in all realms, levels and dimensions, because of our communication with them (songs, prayers, mantras) also depends on the healing of our diseases. Then we accept the presence of spiritual authorities in nature, ranging from simple and natural herbal medicine, the moon (Chandra), the sun (Surya), the stars, the god of medicine Sri Dhanvantari Ayurvedic and all in perfect harmony coordination as organs of the Supreme Personality of Godhead (Krishna).

Then it will not be an act of rebellion or hedonism of Western culture itself, the feel “independent and free” to enjoy according to the dictates of advertising and fashion, that led us to believe that we driver our existence. Vital existence that occurs in a flash of time, in the little world we call Earth (Mother Earth or Matru Bhumi). I dare say that, more than anything that apparent independence and freedom is … ignorance (Tamas). So we can understand and suggest the cause of our intimate social disease.

We can therefore understand that not enough to know of the existence of a cure for some pain, either grass or panchakarma massage. It is necessary to explore the intimate understanding we have of our being, to understand exactly who we are and what is our dharma or purpose in life (time) and society (place) that we have to exist (circumstances) in the current society of knowledge. Otherwise, healed the pain, the imbalance still unresolved pour another channel … and if not we learn before our die, we must be born again, repeating the grief and pain.

But recognize in ourselves a Dharma means to begin to understand a deeper reality that will gradually lead us through Artha and Kama targets to self-realization, liberation, or Moksha, and the realization to be a part or organ as a hand, finger or hair of our body, but now as embodied souls to serve the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Ignorance of this society then is based in that its members don’t know what they live, and are enjoying the dormant senses, and our mission is to bring the joy of healthy living with consciousness of Krishna.

Our idea then is to fight against ignorance, but to avoid wasting efforts on this, we must focus on those who demonstrate to practice integrity, humility and non-violence, which are Ayurveda values, starting with ourselves.

Lila Avatar das
Dr. Miguel Córdova Mercado
Doctor en Ciencias (U. de Chile)
Programa Ayurveda-Today

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